One of the most common causes of fore limb lameness in the dog is Elbow Dysplasia. Elbow Dysplasia is a generic term meaning arthritis in the elbow joint. As in people, arthritis in the dog is painful, resulting in intermittent and persistent lameness, especially following physical activity.
Elbow Dysplasia has 4 developmental causes:
- Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD)
- Ununited Anconeal Process (UAP)
- Fragmented Coronoid Process (FCP)
- Elbow Incongruency
Elbow Dysplasia that develops as a result of one or a combination of OCD, FCP, and Elbow incongruency is referred to as Medial Compartment Syndrome. Put simply, elbow dysplasia is early onset arthritis resulting from the abnormal development of the elbow joint. It is believed to be due to a combination of genetic factors, diet, rapid growth, and/or trauma.