The first indicator that your dog will show is pain within the abdomen. This pain is recognizable by a look of anxiousness or the dog physically looking at their stomach. Dogs with abdominal pain will stand and stretch often, their abdomen will be enlarged, and drooling or unproductive vomiting will take place.
At more advanced stages of the disease, the dog may start panting, have a belly which is bloated, become subdued or show weakness. When being examined physically, their heart rate and breathing will be faster, while their pulse might be difficult to feel, and on applying pressure to a point, the time to return to normal color will be lengthy times. The abdomen will be distended.
Stabilizing and operating seems to have a higher success rate when done in the early stages of the disease and the prognosis drops when the disease is more severe. Should any symptoms be prevalent in your dog, have an evaluation done as soon as possible. Surgery will be recommended if the existence of gastric dilatation where rotation is present or absent. Treatment is specialized and is usually undertaken by someone who is certified by the ACVS.
When the severity of the condition progresses, it has negative effects that last longer and begin to affect other parts of the body as well. The breathing difficulties that the dog experiences, cause limited oxygen to be delivered to various tissues. This is known as hypoxia and causes cells in other essential organs like the liver or kidneys, to die. Hypoxia can cause the heart to beat abnormally also known as “cardiac arrhythmia”. Within the digestive system, gastrointestinal tract lining can experience death of cells and peel off.
Progression of the disease causes an increase in toxins. If the stomach is surgically deflated, these toxins can be circulated throughout the animal’s body. This will cause more arrhythmia within the cardiac system and can cause acute liver or kidney failure. Bacteria that may enter the blood stream causes bacteremia and results in sepsis forming.